Bee pollen – properties and uses

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Bee pollen has more health benefits than honey. It is a pollen that bees collect and partially process. Collected pollen in the form of small balls is taken to the hive, and after further digestion it becomes food for young insects. Each of these small beads is made up of about 100,000 pollen, including medicinal plants such as St. John’s wort, dandelion, pomegranate. At the entrance to the hive, beekeepers place a kind of barrier that keeps some pollen in it. After drying, it goes to stores.

Pollen contains at least 18 vitamins (provitamin A, riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, vitamins D, E, K, H, folic acid, rutin, ascorbic acid, inositol, choline), 22 amino acids (including essential, that is, those that the human body cannot produce on its own), 25 minerals (P, Ca, K, I, Zn, Cu, Na, Hg, Mg, Cl, Mn, Se, Mo, Si, B, Ti), 25 % protein, 14 fatty acids (including relatively large amounts of linoleic acid) and 11 enzymes. Even the best multivitamins contain no more nutrients than pollen. Phenolic compounds found in pollen show a full range of biological effects on the body – incl. strengthen capillaries, have anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic, antioxidant, choleretic, diuretic and anti-cancer properties and protect against ionizing radiation. Among flavonoids, the most notable is the routine (pollen is the best source of this vitamin, especially of Polish origin), which helps strengthen blood vessels (capillaries). Pollen also contains anthocyanidins, catechins, phenolic acids and triterpene compounds.

It contains more protein than any animal product, including all essential amino acids and free amino acids. Bee pollen has more amino acids than egg by weight and 50% more protein than lean beef. The following fractions are found in pollen: albumin, globulins, glutelins, prolamines and other proteins. Pollen contains all the amino acids needed to build human protein, but it also provides nucleic acids DNA and RNA, which include improving immunity in hospitalized patients.

There are 9 fatty acids in the fatty acid fraction, of which 6 are saturated acids and 3 are unsaturated acids: oleic, linoleic and α-linolenic – in the total amount of 64.4%. Linoleic and linolenic acid (essential fatty acids – EFAs) must be introduced into the human body from the outside, along with food. They are needed to build cell membranes, ensure their proper functioning, prevent the formation of blood clots in blood vessels, lower blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels. They represent the majority of fatty acids in the lipid fraction of pollen, so we can assume that they are a rich source of EFA. Bee pollen contains phospholipids such as lecithin. Phospholipids inhibit the deposition of lipids in hepatocytes and protect the body against hepatosis (impaired liver function) and thus against the development of atherosclerosis. Due to the presence of phytosterols, pollen shows an estrogenic effect that promotes the processes of egg formation and maturation in animals and humans. The presence of β-sitosterol in pollen – a cholesterol antagonist – may support the antiatherosclerotic effect of this bee product.

Bee pollen contains both simple and complex sugars. The total carbohydrate content of pollen is highly dependent on the flowers from which bees collect pollen and the country of origin. Most carbohydrates are simple sugars, especially glucose and fructose. Complex carbohydrates include dextrins, starch, cellulose and pollen. Bee pollen is also a source of fiber.

  • helps with anemia by providing a high dose of absorbent iron. It also raises hemoglobin levels
  • improves appetite and improves metabolic processes. It has also been observed that ingesting bee pollen during a cold allows for a much faster recovery.
  • improves the appearance of the skin. Pollen can also be used externally, thanks to which we will get healthier, more beautiful and younger skin.
  • develops memory and concentration. It is especially recommended for people who work mentally.
  • it regenerates cells, making us look younger. Two professors, N. Mankovsky and DG Chebotarev, proved in their research that pollen consumption affects cell renewal. This procedure rejuvenates the skin, eliminates discoloration and bruising.
  • helps with depression.
  • improves the functioning of the digestive tract.
  • Bee pollen is recommended for all inflammatory conditions and toxic liver diseases.

Therefore, it is worth adding bee pollen to your daily diet. When buying, pay attention to the fact that the pollen in the form of small balls of different shades of yellow, sometimes brown, black or white. There are many ways to ingest bee pollen. Mixing with honey is the most popular, but you can also eat it with juice, milk, jam or cottage cheese. It should be noted that some varieties of pollen have a bitter aftertaste, so it is easier to take with the addition of sweet additives. To make it better absorbed by the body, it is a good way to grind or grind it. Another way to soften dried pollen is to pour it with slightly warmed water or milk in a ratio of 1/2 or 1/3 cup. Leave the pollen for a few hours until it swells.