vitamins we obtain mainly from food. A healthy, balanced diet provides them in the right amounts. When thinking about whether to provide your body with sufficient amounts of vitamins, let’s start by asking about our diet. Lack of vitamins leads to disease or illness. An excess, but only a few vitamins, can also be harmful. Large doses are not dangerous for most.
The need for vitamins depends on gender, age, lifestyle, health and diet. People on a vegetarian diet, elimination diets, or other strict diets may be prone to vitamin deficiencies. Also people who suffer from certain diseases. Athletes, people with a very active lifestyle, pregnant and nursing mothers, the elderly – these are also groups with special needs in the field of vitamins. Our body can produce some vitamins on its own. Vitamin D is produced in the skin under the influence of sunlight, and small amounts of vitamin K are produced by bacteria that live in our gut.
Every organism has its needs, so drug manufacturers supply the market with vitamins in various forms and forms. Vitamin supplements are most commonly available in the form of tablets and capsules. They also exist in the market cosmetics in capsuleswhich contain many vitamins. Tablets are the most common and convenient form. They are easy to store, handle, have a longer shelf life than powder or solution and cannot be counterfeited. They are covered with a special layer that allows them to dissolve only in the intestine. Capsules, like tablets, are convenient and easy to store. They are used to pack fat-soluble vitamins, e.g. A, D and E. They contain less base (neutral substances, eg sugar) than tablets. Gelatin capsules are obtained from animal raw materials. They should be stored in a dry and cool place, protected from light rays. Herbal capsules do not contain animal substances, carbohydrates, starch and other allergens. They are made from cellulose and plant fibers of trees that are resistant to the intrusion of bacteria and fungi. They are not sensitive to high temperatures. You can also store them in a dry, cool place where gelatin capsules become brittle.
Can the body’s need for vitamins be met by diet alone? Theoretically, yes, as long as we really care about this diet. We eat unprocessed, fresh products, eat regularly and pay attention to the composition of meals. However, most of us live in a hurry and this is generally the biggest hurdle. Monitoring a healthy diet is not easy. Carefully measure and count how many ingredients you put in the meal. Then, at the end of the day, make sure you have enough vitamins and minerals. Few of us have time for that. Dietary supplements help us take care of our health. Lack of vitamins or minerals causes malaise, but can also lead to serious illness. Therefore, it is worth using vitamin preparations that we choose according to needs, health and lifestyle.
- In stressful situations, which are unfortunately experienced by more and more people.
- In the autumn-winter and early spring period – when there is less valuable fresh vegetables and fruits and the sun.
- If we lead an intense lifestyle – we have a lot of obligations, we live in a hurry or we are actively involved in sports.
- If we don’t pay special attention to what, when and how we eat – if we often eat in a hurry, or what’s on hand if we eat processed foods.
- If we drink a lot of coffee and tea and drink alcohol.
- In the periods after the disease.
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